An alternate system runs on the fog or fine mist injected in to the intake air stream. Although a number of commercial systems can be found, growers can assemble and install their own system using a high pressure piston pump and fog nozzles. The essential components are shown in Fig. 1. A two-stage system controlled by a two- stage thermostat enables more water to be applied on excessively warm, bright days. Temperature settings should be 5-10°F apart.
Algae growth in the pads can become a problem which will reduce the effectiveness of the system and result in accelerated deterioration of the pads. The addition of an algaecide to the drinking water supply will help in control.
It really is desirable, especially in hard water areas, to include a wetting agent to the water to obtain more uniform wetting of the pads. A commercial materials or liquid household detergent at the price of 2 tablespoons per 100 gallons may be used.
Water for the pads ought to be clean and low in mineral content to avoid clogging and coating of the pads. A pump, pipes and gutters are used to recirculate the water. A flow rate 113 gallon per minute per linear foot of pad system ought to be provided to ensure adequate wetting.
In the most typical cooling system (fan and pad), the fans draw air through wet pads that extend the length of 1 endwall or sidewall. Aspen and covered cellulose are normal pad materials that usually have life of 1 to three years. Approximately one sq . foot of pad are is needed for 20 square ft of floor area.
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